PG:: DuplicateTable: ОШИБКА

Когда я запускаю rake db: migrate, я получаю следующий вывод:

== 20141219011612 CreatePost: миграция ========================================== - create_table ( "posts" ) rake aborted! StandardError: Произошла ошибка, эта и все последующие миграции были отменены: == 20141219011612 Почтовые посты: перенос ====================================== - create_table ( "posts" ) rake aborted! StandardError: произошла ошибка, эта и все последующие миграции отменены:

PG:: DuplicateTable: ERROR: отношение "posts" уже существует: CREATE TABLE "posts" ( "id" серийный первичный ключ, "post" text, "release_date" timestamp, timestamp "created_at", временная метка "updated_at" ) /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in async_exec' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in block in execute ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:373:in block in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activesupport-4.1.8/lib/active_support/notifications/instrumenter.rb:20:in инструмент ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:367:in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:127:in выполнить ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/schema_statements.rb:205:in create_table' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:649:in block in method_missing ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in block in say_with_time' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in say_with_time "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:641:in method_missing' /home/admin/Desktop/postr/db/migrate/20141219011612_post_posts.rb:3:in вверх" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:598:in exec_migration' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:579:in блок (2 уровня) в мигрировать ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:578:in block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:294:in with_connection "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:577:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:752:in мигрирует" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:991:in block in execute_migration_in_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in block в ddl_transaction ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in block in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:209:in within_new_transaction "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/transactions.rb:208:in сделка" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in ddl_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:990:in execute_migration_in_transaction "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:952:in block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in каждый" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:807:in вверх" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:785:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:34:in блок (2 уровня) в 'ActiveRecord:: StatementInvalid: PG:: DuplicateTable: ERROR: отношение "posts" уже существует: CREATE TABLE "posts" ( "id" серийный первичный ключ, "post" text, "release_date" timestamp, timestamp "created_at", временная метка "updated_at" ) /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in async_exec' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in block in execute ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:373:in block in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activesupport-4.1.8/lib/active_support/notifications/instrumenter.rb:20:in инструмент ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:367:in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:127:in выполнить ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/schema_statements.rb:205:in create_table' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:649:in block in method_missing ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in block in say_with_time' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in say_with_time "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:641:in method_missing' /home/admin/Desktop/postr/db/migrate/20141219011612_post_posts.rb:3:in вверх" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:598:in exec_migration' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:579:in блок (2 уровня) в мигрировать ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:578:in block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:294:in with_connection "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:577:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:752:in мигрирует" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:991:in block in execute_migration_in_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in block в ddl_transaction ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in block in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:209:in within_new_transaction "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/transactions.rb:208:in сделка" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in ddl_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:990:in execute_migration_in_transaction" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.гь: 952: в block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in каждый "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:807:in вверх" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:785:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:34:in блок (2 уровня) в 'PG:: DuplicateTable: ОШИБКА: отношения "посты" уже существуют /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in async_exec' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:128:in block in execute ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:373:in block in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activesupport-4.1.8/lib/active_support/notifications/instrumenter.rb:20:in инструмент ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter.rb:367:in log' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb:127:in выполнить ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/schema_statements.rb:205:in create_table' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:649:in block in method_missing ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in block in say_with_time' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:621:in say_with_time "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:641:in method_missing' /home/admin/Desktop/postr/db/migrate/20141219011612_post_posts.rb:3:in вверх" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:598:in exec_migration' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:579:in блок (2 уровня) в мигрировать ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:578:in block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:294:in with_connection "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:577:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:752:in мигрирует" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:991:in block in execute_migration_in_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in block в ddl_transaction ' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in block in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:209:in within_new_transaction "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/database_statements.rb:201:in transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/transactions.rb:208:in сделка" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:1037:in ddl_transaction' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:990:in execute_migration_in_transaction "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:952:in block in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in каждый" /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:948:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:807:in вверх "/home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/migration.rb:785:in migrate' /home/admin/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.1.5/gems/activerecord-4.1.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:34:in блок (2 уровня) в разделе" Задачи: TOP = > db: migrate (см. полная трассировка, выполнив задачу с помощью --trace)

Я не понимаю, как это возможно, bescause В файле схемы у меня нет таблицы сообщений.

+17
источник поделиться
4 ответа

Как-то, в вашей базе данных вы столкнулись с таблицей "posts". Возможно, из предыдущей миграции, которую вы удалили без откат? Если вам не нужны какие-либо данные в базе данных, вы можете запустить

rake db:drop db:create db:migrate

чтобы привести вашу базу данных разработки в соответствие с текущими миграциями.

Если у вас есть данные в других таблицах, которые вы не хотите потерять, откройте консоль базы данных и оставьте таблицу сообщений вручную:

$ rails db

# drop table posts;

Затем запустите db:migrate снова.

+56
источник

Проверьте свой db/schema.rb

Скорее всего, у вас есть та же таблица, что и там, в дополнение к миграции в db/migrate/[timestamp] your_migration

Вы можете удалить db/migrate/[timestamp] your_migration, если это дубликат, найденный в схеме, и он должен работать.

0
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Если это помогает кому-то еще, я понял, что использовал файл schema.rb, который был сгенерирован при использовании MySQL. После перехода к Postgres я просто забыл, что мне нужно будет запустить rake db:migrate, прежде чем я смогу использовать rake db:schema:load

0
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Один из найденных мной способов взломать - выложить pry перед созданием таблицы в файле миграции.

require 'pry'
binding.pry

create_table :your_table_name

и бросьте эту таблицу:

drop_table :your_table_name

После этого вы можете удалить строку drop_table и она будет работать нормально!

0
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