Нижняя граница UIView?

Для UIScrollView *toScrollView (который является шириной экрана), я хочу добавить нижнюю границу серого (точно так же, как в поле представления компоновки приложения iPhone для мобильных приложений).

Чтобы достичь этого, я последовал за Cocoa Touch: как изменить цвет и толщину границы UIView? и просто покрыл верхнюю границу пользовательским UINavigationBar и сделал координату toScrollView x-1 и ширину 322, так что левая и правая границы находятся за пределами экрана.

Это выглядит прекрасно, но это своего рода хак, и мне было интересно, есть ли лучший способ сделать это.

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];

    // Add UINavigationBar *navigationBar at top.
    self.navigationItem.leftBarButtonItem = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]
                                             initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemCancel
                                             target:self action:@selector(cancelAction)];
    UINavigationBar *navigationBar = [[UINavigationBar alloc]
                                      initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, 320.0f, 44.0f)];
    navigationBar.items = [NSArray arrayWithObject:self.navigationItem];

    // Add UIScrollView *toScrollView below navigationBar.
    UIScrollView *toScrollView = [[UIScrollView alloc]
                                  initWithFrame:CGRectMake(-1.0f, 43.0f, 322.0f, 45.0f)];
    toScrollView.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
    toScrollView.layer.borderColor = [UIColor colorWithWhite:0.8f alpha:1.0f].CGColor;
    toScrollView.layer.borderWidth = 1.0f;
    [self.view addSubview:toScrollView];
    [self.view addSubview:navigationBar]; // covers top of toScrollView
}
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22 ответа

Вместо использования UIView, как предлагает @ImreKelényi, вы можете использовать CALayer:

// Add a bottomBorder.
CALayer *bottomBorder = [CALayer layer];

bottomBorder.frame = CGRectMake(0.0f, 43.0f, toScrollView.frame.size.width, 1.0f);

bottomBorder.backgroundColor = [UIColor colorWithWhite:0.8f 
                                                 alpha:1.0f].CGColor;

[toScrollView.layer addSublayer:bottomBorder];
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Вот более обобщенное расширение Swift для создания границы для любого подкласса UIView:

import UIKit

extension UIView {      
  func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - width, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - width, self.frame.size.width, width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }

  func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
  }
}

Swift 3

extension UIView {
    func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }
}
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другие ответы

Связанные вопросы


Похожие вопросы

Реализовано в категории, как показано ниже:

UIButton + Border.h:

@interface UIButton (Border)

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

@end

UIButton + Border.m:

@implementation UIButton (Border)

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - borderWidth, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
    border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;

    border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - borderWidth, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
    [self.layer addSublayer:border];
}

@end
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Swift 4

Если вам нужно действительно адаптивное решение (для всех размеров экрана), то это он:

/**
* Extends UIView with shortcut methods
*
* @author Alexander Volkov
* @version 1.0
*/
extension UIView {

    /// Adds bottom border to the view with given side margins
    ///
    /// - Parameters:
    ///   - color: the border color
    ///   - margins: the left and right margin
    ///   - borderLineSize: the size of the border
    func addBottomBorder(color: UIColor = UIColor.red, margins: CGFloat = 0, borderLineSize: CGFloat = 1) {
        let border = UIView()
        border.backgroundColor = color
        border.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        self.addSubview(border)
        border.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                                attribute: .height,
                                                relatedBy: .equal,
                                                toItem: nil,
                                                attribute: .height,
                                                multiplier: 1, constant: borderLineSize))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .bottom,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .bottom,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: 0))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .leading,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .leading,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: margins))
        self.addConstraint(NSLayoutConstraint(item: border,
                                              attribute: .trailing,
                                              relatedBy: .equal,
                                              toItem: self,
                                              attribute: .trailing,
                                              multiplier: 1, constant: margins))
    }
}
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Вы можете добавить отдельный UIView с 1 точкой высоты и серого цвета фона в self.view и поместить его прямо под toScrollView.

EDIT: Если у вас нет веской причины (хотите использовать некоторые сервисы UIView, которые не предлагаются CALayer), вы должны использовать CALayer в качестве @MattDiPasquale. UIView имеет большие накладные расходы, что может быть не проблема в большинстве случаев, но все же другое решение более элегантно.

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Решение для Swift 4

let bottomBorder = CALayer()
        bottomBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0.0, y: calendarView.frame.size.height-1, width: calendarView.frame.width, height: 1.0)
        bottomBorder.backgroundColor = #colorLiteral(red: 0.8039215803, green: 0.8039215803, blue: 0.8039215803, alpha: 1)
        calendarView.layer.addSublayer(bottomBorder)

BackgroundColor светGray. Измените цвет, если вам нужно.

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Существует также улучшенный код с функцией удаления границ. На основе ответа на конфиг.

import UIKit

enum viewBorder: String {
    case Left = "borderLeft"
    case Right = "borderRight"
    case Top = "borderTop"
    case Bottom = "borderBottom"
}

extension UIView {

    func addBorder(vBorder: viewBorder, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor
        border.name = vBorder.rawValue
        switch vBorder {
            case .Left:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
            case .Right:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - width, 0, width, self.frame.size.height)
            case .Top:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, width)
            case .Bottom:
                border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - width, self.frame.size.width, width)
        }
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func removeBorder(border: viewBorder) {
        var layerForRemove: CALayer?
        for layer in self.layer.sublayers! {
            if layer.name == border.rawValue {
                layerForRemove = layer
            }
        }
        if let layer = layerForRemove {
            layer.removeFromSuperlayer()
        }
    }

}

Обновление: Swift 3

import UIKit

enum ViewBorder: String {
    case left, right, top, bottom
}

extension UIView {

    func add(border: ViewBorder, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let borderLayer = CALayer()
        borderLayer.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        borderLayer.name = border.rawValue
        switch border {
        case .left:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        case .right:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        case .top:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        case .bottom:
            borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        }
        self.layer.addSublayer(borderLayer)
    }

    func remove(border: ViewBorder) {
        guard let sublayers = self.layer.sublayers else { return }
        var layerForRemove: CALayer?
        for layer in sublayers {
            if layer.name == border.rawValue {
                layerForRemove = layer
            }
        }
        if let layer = layerForRemove {
            layer.removeFromSuperlayer()
        }
    }

}
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Проблема с этими методами расширения заключается в том, что, когда UIView/UIButton позже настраивает его размер, у вас нет шанса изменить размер CALayer, чтобы он соответствовал новому размеру. Который оставит вас с неуместной границей. Я обнаружил, что лучше подклассировать мой UIButton, вы, конечно же, можете подклассифицировать другие UIViews. Вот какой код:

enum BorderedButtonSide {
    case Top, Right, Bottom, Left
}


class BorderedButton : UIButton {

    private var borderTop: CALayer?
    private var borderTopWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderRight: CALayer?
    private var borderRightWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderBottom: CALayer?
    private var borderBottomWidth: CGFloat?
    private var borderLeft: CALayer?
    private var borderLeftWidth: CGFloat?


    func setBorder(side: BorderedButtonSide, _ color: UIColor, _ width: CGFloat) {

        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor

        switch side {
        case .Top:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: frame.size.width, height: width)
            borderTop?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderTop = border
            borderTopWidth = width
        case .Right:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: frame.size.height)
            borderRight?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderRight = border
            borderRightWidth = width
        case .Bottom:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: frame.size.height - width, width: frame.size.width, height: width)
            borderBottom?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderBottom = border
            borderBottomWidth = width
        case .Left:
            border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: frame.size.height)
            borderLeft?.removeFromSuperlayer()
            borderLeft = border
            borderLeftWidth = width
        }

        layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    override func layoutSubviews() {
        super.layoutSubviews()
        borderTop?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: frame.size.width, height: borderTopWidth!)
        borderRight?.frame = CGRect(x: frame.size.width - borderRightWidth!, y: 0, width: borderRightWidth!, height: frame.size.height)
        borderBottom?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: frame.size.height - borderBottomWidth!, width: frame.size.width, height: borderBottomWidth!)
        borderLeft?.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: borderLeftWidth!, height: frame.size.height)
    }

}
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Или самый эффективный способ - перегрузить drawRect, просто так:

@interface TPActionSheetButton : UIButton

@property (assign) BOOL drawsTopLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsBottomLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsRightLine;
@property (assign) BOOL drawsLeftLine;
@property (strong, nonatomic) UIColor * lineColor;

@end

@implementation TPActionSheetButton

- (void) drawRect:(CGRect)rect
{
    CGContextRef ctx = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

    CGContextSetLineWidth(ctx, 0.5f * [[UIScreen mainScreen] scale]);
    CGFloat red, green, blue, alpha;
    [self.lineColor getRed:&red green:&green blue:&blue alpha:&alpha];
    CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(ctx, red, green, blue, alpha);

    if(self.drawsTopLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsBottomLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsLeftLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }
    if(self.drawsRightLine) {
        CGContextBeginPath(ctx);
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMinY(rect));
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect));
        CGContextStrokePath(ctx);
    }

    [super drawRect:rect];
}

@end
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Свифт 3 версии ответа на консоль:

import UIKit

extension UIView {
    func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }

    func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = CALayer()
        border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
        border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
        self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    }
}

Использование при использовании автоматического макета:

class CustomView: UIView {

    override func awakeFromNib() {
        super.awakeFromNib()
    }

    override func layoutSubviews() {
        addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor.white, width: 1)
    }
}
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Swift

Создать расширение UIView

private var bottomLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var topLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var rightLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
private var leftLineColorAssociatedKey : UIColor = .black
extension UIView {

@IBInspectable var bottomLineColor: UIColor {
    get {
        if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
            return color
        } else {
            return .black
        }
    } set {
        objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
    }
}
@IBInspectable var bottomLineWidth: CGFloat {
    get {
        return self.bottomLineWidth
    }
    set {
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            self.addBottomBorderWithColor(color: self.bottomLineColor, width: newValue)
        }
    }
}
@IBInspectable var topLineColor: UIColor {
    get {
        if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
            return color
        } else {
            return .black
        }
    } set {
        objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
    }
}
@IBInspectable var topLineWidth: CGFloat {
    get {
        return self.topLineWidth
    }
    set {
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            self.addTopBorderWithColor(color: self.topLineColor, width: newValue)
        }
    }
}
@IBInspectable var rightLineColor: UIColor {
    get {
        if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
            return color
        } else {
            return .black
        }
    } set {
        objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
    }
}
@IBInspectable var rightLineWidth: CGFloat {
    get {
        return self.rightLineWidth
    }
    set {
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            self.addRightBorderWithColor(color: self.rightLineColor, width: newValue)
        }
    }
}
@IBInspectable var leftLineColor: UIColor {
    get {
        if let color = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorAssociatedKey) as? UIColor {
            return color
        } else {
            return .black
        }
    } set {
        objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorAssociatedKey, newValue, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN)
    }
}
@IBInspectable var leftLineWidth: CGFloat {
    get {
        return self.leftLineWidth
    }
    set {
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            self.addLeftBorderWithColor(color: self.leftLineColor, width: newValue)
        }
    }
}
func addTopBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.name = "topBorderLayer"
    removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
    border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
    border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y : 0,width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    self.addObserver(self, forKeyPath: #keyPath(UIView.bounds), options: .new, context: UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 1111) )
}

func addRightBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.name = "rightBorderLayer"
    removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
    border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
    border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width : width, height :self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
     self.addObserver(self, forKeyPath: #keyPath(UIView.bounds), options: .new, context: UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 2222) )
}

func addBottomBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.name = "bottomBorderLayer"
    removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
    border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
    border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width,width : self.frame.size.width,height: width)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    self.addObserver(self, forKeyPath: #keyPath(UIView.bounds), options: .new, context: UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 3333) )
}
func addLeftBorderWithColor(color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
    let border = CALayer()
    border.name = "leftBorderLayer"
    removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name: border.name ?? "")
    border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
    border.frame = CGRect(x:0, y:0,width : width, height : self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(border)
    self.addObserver(self, forKeyPath: #keyPath(UIView.bounds), options: .new, context: UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 4444) )
}
override open func observeValue(forKeyPath keyPath: String?, of object: Any?, change: [NSKeyValueChangeKey : Any]?, context: UnsafeMutableRawPointer?) {

    if let objectView = object as? UIView,
        objectView === self,
        keyPath == #keyPath(UIView.bounds) {
        switch context {
        case UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 1111):
            for border in self.layer.sublayers ?? [] {
                if border.name == "topBorderLayer" {
                    border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y : 0,width: self.frame.size.width, height: border.frame.height)
                }
            }
        case UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 2222):
            for border in self.layer.sublayers ?? [] {
                if border.name == "rightBorderLayer" {
                     border.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - border.frame.width, y: 0, width : border.frame.width, height :self.frame.size.height)
                }
            }
        case UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 3333):
            for border in self.layer.sublayers ?? [] {
                if border.name == "bottomBorderLayer" {
                    border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - border.frame.height,width : self.frame.size.width,height: border.frame.height)
                }
            }
        case UnsafeMutableRawPointer(bitPattern: 4444):
            for border in self.layer.sublayers ?? [] {
                if border.name == "leftBorderLayer" {
                   border.frame = CGRect(x:0, y:0,width : border.frame.width, height : self.frame.size.height)
                }
            }
        default:
            break
        }
    }
}
func removePreviouslyAddedLayer(name : String) {
    if self.layer.sublayers?.count ?? 0 > 0 {
        self.layer.sublayers?.forEach {
            if $0.name == name {
                $0.removeFromSuperlayer()
            }
        }
    }
   }
}

Цель C

Создать класс категории UIView

UIView + Border.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
@interface UIView (Border) 

@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *topLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat topLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *bottomLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat bottomLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *rightLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat rightLineWidth;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable UIColor *leftLineColor;
@property (nonatomic) IBInspectable CGFloat leftLineWidth;

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor: (UIColor *) color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth;

@end

UIView + Border.m

static void *topBorderContext = &topBorderContext;
static void *bottomBorderContext = &bottomBorderContext;
static void *leftBorderContext = &leftBorderContext;
static void *rightBorderContext = &rightBorderContext;
static char bottomLineColorKey,topLineColorKey,rightLineColorKey,leftLineColorKey;
@implementation UIView(Utility)
@dynamic borderColor,borderWidth,cornerRadius,bottomLineWidth,topLineWidth,rightLineWidth,leftLineWidth;

-(void)setBorderColor:(UIColor *)borderColor{
    [self.layer setBorderColor:borderColor.CGColor];
}

-(void)setBorderWidth:(CGFloat)borderWidth{
    [self.layer setBorderWidth:borderWidth];
}

-(void)setCornerRadius:(CGFloat)cornerRadius{
    [self.layer setCornerRadius:cornerRadius];
}
// for Bottom Line
- (UIColor *)bottomLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorKey);
}
- (void)setBottomLineColor:(UIColor *)bottomLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &bottomLineColorKey,
                             bottomLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setBottomLineWidth:(CGFloat)bottomLineWidth {
    [self addBottomBorderWithColor:[self bottomLineColor] andWidth:bottomLineWidth];
}
// for top Line
- (UIColor *)topLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorKey);
}
- (void)setTopLineColor:(UIColor *)topLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &topLineColorKey,
                             topLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
- (void)setTopLineWidth:(CGFloat)topLineWidth{
    [self addTopBorderWithColor:[self topLineColor] andWidth:topLineWidth];
}
// for right Line
- (UIColor *)rightLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorKey);
}
-(void)setRightLineColor:(UIColor *)rightLineColor {
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &rightLineColorKey,
                             rightLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setRightLineWidth:(CGFloat)rightLineWidth{
    [self addRightBorderWithColor:[self rightLineColor] andWidth:rightLineWidth];
}
// for left Line
-(UIColor *)leftLineColor {
    return objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorKey);
}
-(void)setLeftLineColor:(UIColor *)leftLineColor{
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &leftLineColorKey,
                             leftLineColor, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
}
-(void)setLeftLineWidth:(CGFloat)leftLineWidth{
    [self addLeftBorderWithColor:[self leftLineColor] andWidth:leftLineWidth];
}

- (void)addTopBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
        border.name = @"topBorderLayer";
        [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
        border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
        [self.layer addSublayer:border];
        [self addObserver:self forKeyPath: @"bounds" options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew context:topBorderContext];
    });
}

- (void)addBottomBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
        border.name = @"bottomBorderLayer";
        [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
        border.frame = CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - borderWidth, self.frame.size.width, borderWidth);
        [self.layer addSublayer:border];
        [self addObserver:self forKeyPath: @"bounds" options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew context:bottomBorderContext];
    });
}

- (void)addLeftBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
        border.name = @"leftBorderLayer";
        [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
        border.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
        [self.layer addSublayer:border];
        [self addObserver:self forKeyPath: @"bounds" options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew context:leftBorderContext];
    });
}

- (void)addRightBorderWithColor:(UIColor *)color andWidth:(CGFloat) borderWidth {
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        CALayer *border = [CALayer layer];
        border.name = @"rightBorderLayer";
        [self removePreviouslyAddedLayer:border.name];
        border.backgroundColor = color.CGColor;
        border.frame = CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - borderWidth, 0, borderWidth, self.frame.size.height);
        [self.layer addSublayer:border];
        [self addObserver:self forKeyPath: @"bounds" options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew context:rightBorderContext];
    });
}
- (void)observeValueForKeyPath:(NSString *)keyPath ofObject:(id)object change:(NSDictionary *)change context:(void *)context
{
    if (context == topBorderContext) {
        for (CALayer *border in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([border.name isEqualToString:@"topBorderLayer"]) {
                [border setFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, border.frame.size.height)];
            }
        }
    } else if (context == bottomBorderContext) {
        for (CALayer *border in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([border.name isEqualToString:@"bottomBorderLayer"]) {
                [border setFrame:CGRectMake(0, self.frame.size.height - border.frame.size.height, self.frame.size.width, border.frame.size.height)];
            }
        }
    } else if (context == leftBorderContext) {
        for (CALayer *border in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([border.name isEqualToString:@"leftBorderLayer"]) {
                [border setFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, border.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];
            }
        }
    } else if (context == rightBorderContext) {
        for (CALayer *border in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([border.name isEqualToString:@"rightBorderLayer"]) {
                [border setFrame:CGRectMake(self.frame.size.width - border.frame.size.width, 0, border.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];
            }
        }
    } else {
        [super observeValueForKeyPath:keyPath ofObject:object change:change context:context];
    }
}
- (void)removePreviouslyAddedLayer:(NSString *)name {
    if (self.layer.sublayers.count > 0) {
        for (CALayer *layer in self.layer.sublayers) {
            if ([layer.name isEqualToString:name]) {
                [layer removeFromSuperlayer];
            }
        }
    }
}

@end

Использование: -   Выберите любой элемент управления из раскадровки, затем покажите инспектор атрибутов (справа). Вы увидите ниже пример изображения. (Примечание. Граница отображается только во время выполнения.)

Теперь вы можете установить любую сторону цвета и ширины границы.

+4
источник

Вот удобная категория UIView, которая позволяет создавать границы на основе слоев или на основе видимости на любой стороне UIView: UIView + Borders

+3
источник

Я написал общий метод, который добавит границу в зависимости от того, какие вы хотите в любом UIView. Вы можете определить толщину, цвет, поля и zOrder для каждой стороны.

/*
 view: the view to draw border around
 thickness: thickness of the border on the given side
 color: color of the border on the given side
 margin: space between the border outer edge and the view frame edge on the given side.
 zOrder: defines the order to add the borders to the view.  The borders will be added by zOrder from lowest to highest, thus making the highest priority border visible when two borders overlap at the corners.
*/

    +(void) drawBorderAroundUIView:(UIView *) view thicknessLeft:(CGFloat) thicknessLeft colorLeft:(UIColor *)colorLeft marginLeft:(CGFloat) marginLeft zOrderLeft:(int) zOrderLeft thicknessRight:(CGFloat) thicknessRight colorRight:(UIColor *)colorRight marginRight:(CGFloat) marginRight zOrderRight:(int) zOrderRight thicknessTop:(CGFloat) thicknessTop colorTop:(UIColor *)colorTop marginTop:(CGFloat) marginTop zOrderTop:(int) zOrderTop thicknessBottom:(CGFloat) thicknessBottom colorBottom:(UIColor *)colorBottom marginBottom:(CGFloat) marginBottom zOrderBottom:(int) zOrderBottom{
    //make margins be the outside edge and make positive margin represent a smaller rectangle
    marginBottom = -1 * marginBottom - thicknessBottom;
    marginTop = -1 * marginTop - thicknessTop;
    marginLeft = -1 * marginLeft - thicknessLeft;
    marginRight = -1 * marginRight - thicknessRight;

    //get reference points for corners
    CGPoint upperLeftCorner = CGPointZero;
    CGPoint lowerLeftCorner = CGPointMake(upperLeftCorner.x, upperLeftCorner.y + view.frame.size.height);
    CGPoint upperRightCorner = CGPointMake(upperLeftCorner.x + view.frame.size.width, upperLeftCorner.y);

    //left
    CALayer *leftBorder = [CALayer layer];
    leftBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, upperLeftCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, thicknessLeft, view.frame.size.height + marginTop + marginBottom + thicknessBottom + thicknessTop);
    leftBorder.backgroundColor = colorLeft.CGColor;

    //right
    CALayer *rightBorder = [CALayer layer];
    rightBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperRightCorner.x + marginRight, upperRightCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, thicknessRight, view.frame.size.height + marginTop + marginBottom + thicknessBottom + thicknessTop);
    rightBorder.backgroundColor = colorRight.CGColor;

    //top
    CALayer *topBorder = [CALayer layer];
    topBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, upperLeftCorner.y - thicknessTop - marginTop, view.frame.size.width + marginLeft + marginRight + thicknessLeft + thicknessRight, thicknessTop);
    topBorder.backgroundColor = colorTop.CGColor;

    //bottom
    CALayer *bottomBorder = [CALayer layer];
    bottomBorder.frame = CGRectMake(upperLeftCorner.x - thicknessLeft - marginLeft, lowerLeftCorner.y + marginBottom, view.frame.size.width + marginLeft + marginRight + thicknessLeft + thicknessRight, thicknessBottom);
    bottomBorder.backgroundColor = colorBottom.CGColor;

    //define dictionary keys to be used for adding borders in order of zOrder
    NSString *borderDK = @"border";
    NSString *zOrderDK = @"zOrder";

    //storing borders in dictionaries in preparation to add them in order of zOrder
    NSDictionary *leftBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:leftBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderLeft], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *rightBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:rightBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderRight], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *topBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:topBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderTop], zOrderDK, nil];
    NSDictionary *bottomBorderDictionary = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:bottomBorder, borderDK, [NSNumber numberWithInt:zOrderBottom], zOrderDK, nil];

    NSMutableArray *borders = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:leftBorderDictionary, rightBorderDictionary, topBorderDictionary, bottomBorderDictionary, nil];

    //add borders in order of zOrder (lowest -> highest).  Thus the highest zOrder will be added last so it will be on top.
    while (borders.count)
    {
        //look for the next lowest zOrder border to add
        NSDictionary *nextBorderToLayDown = [borders objectAtIndex:0];
        for (int indexOfBorder = 0; indexOfBorder < borders.count; indexOfBorder++)
        {
            NSDictionary *borderAtIndex = [borders objectAtIndex:indexOfBorder];
            if ([[borderAtIndex objectForKey:zOrderDK] intValue] < [[nextBorderToLayDown objectForKey:zOrderDK] intValue])
            {
                nextBorderToLayDown = borderAtIndex;
            }
        }
        //add the border to the view
        [view.layer addSublayer:[nextBorderToLayDown objectForKey:borderDK]];
        [borders removeObject:nextBorderToLayDown];
    }
}
+2
источник

Вам не нужно добавлять слой для каждой границы, просто используйте путь безье, чтобы нарисовать их один раз.

CGRect rect = self.bounds;

CGPoint destPoint[4] = {CGPointZero,
    (CGPoint){0, rect.size.height},
    (CGPoint){rect.size.width, rect.size.height},
    (CGPoint){rect.size.width, 0}};

BOOL position[4] = {_top, _left, _bottom, _right};

UIBezierPath *path = [UIBezierPath new];
[path moveToPoint:destPoint[3]];

for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
    if (position[i]) {
        [path addLineToPoint:destPoint[i]];
    } else {
        [path moveToPoint:destPoint[i]];
    }
}

CAShapeLayer *borderLayer = [CAShapeLayer new];
borderLayer.frame = self.bounds;
borderLayer.path  = path.CGPath;
borderLayer.lineWidth   = _borderWidth ?: 1 / [UIScreen mainScreen].scale;
borderLayer.strokeColor = _borderColor.CGColor;
borderLayer.fillColor   = [UIColor clearColor].CGColor;

[self.layer addSublayer:borderLayer];
+1
источник

Swift 4/3

Вы можете использовать это решение ниже. Он работает на UIBezierPaths, которые легче слоев, что приводит к быстрому запуску. Он прост в использовании, см. Инструкции ниже.

class ResizeBorderView: UIView {
    var color = UIColor.white
    var lineWidth: CGFloat = 1
    var edges = [UIRectEdge](){
        didSet {
            setNeedsDisplay()
        }
    }
    override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
        if edges.contains(.top) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0, y: 0 + lineWidth / 2))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width, y: 0 + lineWidth / 2))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.bottom) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0, y: self.bounds.height - lineWidth / 2))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width, y: self.bounds.height - lineWidth / 2))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.left) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: 0 + lineWidth / 2, y: 0))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: 0 + lineWidth / 2, y: self.bounds.height))
            path.stroke()
        }
        if edges.contains(.right) || edges.contains(.all){
            let path = UIBezierPath()
            path.lineWidth = lineWidth
            color.setStroke()
            UIColor.blue.setFill()
            path.move(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width - lineWidth / 2, y: 0))
            path.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: self.bounds.width - lineWidth / 2, y: self.bounds.height))
            path.stroke()
        }
    }
}
  • Задайте для класса UIView значение ResizeBorderView
  • Установите цвет и ширину линии, используя метод yourview.color и yourview.lineWidth в вашем методе viewDidAppear.
  • Установите края, например: yourview.edges = [.right,.left] ([.all]) для всех
  • Наслаждайтесь быстрым запуском и изменением размеров границ.
+1
источник

Swift 4

На основе qaru.site/questions/27237/...

import UIKit
enum viewBorder: String {
    case Left = "borderLeft"
    case Right = "borderRight"
    case Top = "borderTop"
    case Bottom = "borderBottom"
}

extension UIView {

    func addBorder(vBorders: [viewBorder], color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        vBorders.forEach { vBorder in
            let border = CALayer()
            border.backgroundColor = color.cgColor
            border.name = vBorder.rawValue
            switch vBorder {
            case .Left:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
            case .Right:
                border.frame = CGRect(x:self.frame.size.width - width, y: 0, width: width, height: self.frame.size.height)
            case .Top:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
            case .Bottom:
                border.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - width , width: self.frame.size.width, height: width)
            }
            self.layer.addSublayer(border)
        }
    }
}
+1
источник

Swift 4

На основании: qaru.site/questions/27237/...

UIView + Border

extension UIView {

  enum ViewBorder: String {
      case left, right, top, bottom
  }

  func add(Border border: ViewBorder, withColor color: UIColor = UIColor.lightGray, andWidth width: CGFloat = 1.0) {

    let borderView = UIView()
    borderView.backgroundColor = color
    borderView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    self.addSubview(borderView)
    NSLayoutConstraint.activate(getConstrainsFor(forView: borderView, WithBorderType: border, andWidth: width))
  }

  private func getConstrainsFor(forView borderView: UIView, WithBorderType border: ViewBorder, andWidth width: CGFloat) -> [NSLayoutConstraint] {

    let height = borderView.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
    let widthAnchor = borderView.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
    let leading = borderView.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.leadingAnchor)
    let trailing = borderView.trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.trailingAnchor)
    let top = borderView.topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.topAnchor)
    let bottom = borderView.bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.bottomAnchor)

    switch border {

    case .bottom:
        return [bottom, leading, trailing, height]

    case .top:
        return [top, leading, trailing, height]

    case .left:
        return [top, bottom, leading, widthAnchor]

    case .right:
        return [top, bottom, trailing, widthAnchor]
    }
}

}

Использование:-

class ViewController: UIViewController {

@IBOutlet weak var sampleView: UIView!
override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
    sampleView.add(Border: .bottom)
}

override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
    super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
    // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}
}
+1
источник

Если вы используете ограничения (и поэтому не имеете размеров фрейма), вы можете добавить пограничный вид с требуемыми ограничениями

// MARK: - Add a border to one side of a view

public enum BorderSide {
    case top, bottom, left, right
}

extension UIView {
    public func addBorder(side: BorderSide, color: UIColor, width: CGFloat) {
        let border = UIView()
        border.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        border.backgroundColor = color
        self.addSubview(border)

        let topConstraint = topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.topAnchor)
        let rightConstraint = trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.trailingAnchor)
        let bottomConstraint = bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.bottomAnchor)
        let leftConstraint = leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: border.leadingAnchor)
        let heightConstraint = border.heightAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)
        let widthConstraint = border.widthAnchor.constraint(equalToConstant: width)


        switch side {
        case .top:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([leftConstraint, topConstraint, rightConstraint, heightConstraint])
        case .right:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([topConstraint, rightConstraint, bottomConstraint, widthConstraint])
        case .bottom:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([rightConstraint, bottomConstraint, leftConstraint, heightConstraint])
        case .left:
            NSLayoutConstraint.activate([bottomConstraint, leftConstraint, topConstraint, widthConstraint])
        }
    }
}

Затем установите его как ниже

myButton.addBorder(side: .left, color: UIColor.lightGray, width: 1)

(вдохновленный этим ответом)

+1
источник

Самый полный ответ. https://github.com/oney/UIView-Border

let rectangle = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 100, y: 100, width: 100, height: 60))
rectangle.backgroundColor = UIColor.grayColor()
view.addSubview(rectangle)
rectangle.borderTop = Border(size: 3, color: UIColor.orangeColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: -10, bottom: 0, right: -5))
rectangle.borderBottom = Border(size: 6, color: UIColor.redColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: 10, bottom: 10, right: 0))
rectangle.borderLeft = Border(size: 2, color: UIColor.blueColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: -10, bottom: 0, right: 0))
rectangle.borderRight = Border(size: 2, color: UIColor.greenColor(), offset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: 10, bottom: 0, right: 0))

введите описание изображения здесь

0
источник

Swift 4 с шириной и цветом. Прекрасно работает!

@IBDesignable
final class SideBorders: UIView {
@IBInspectable var topColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var topWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var rightColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var rightWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var bottomColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var bottomWidth: CGFloat = 0

@IBInspectable var leftColor: UIColor = UIColor.clear
@IBInspectable var leftWidth: CGFloat = 0

override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
    let topBorder = CALayer()
    topBorder.backgroundColor = topColor.cgColor
    topBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.frame.size.width, height: topWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(topBorder)

    let rightBorder = CALayer()
    rightBorder.backgroundColor = rightColor.cgColor
    rightBorder.frame = CGRect(x: self.frame.size.width - rightWidth, y: 0, width: rightWidth, height: self.frame.size.height)
    self.layer.addSublayer(rightBorder)

    let bottomBorder = CALayer()
    bottomBorder.backgroundColor = bottomColor.cgColor
    bottomBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - bottomWidth, width: self.frame.size.width, height: bottomWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(bottomBorder)

    let leftBorder = CALayer()
    leftBorder.backgroundColor = leftColor.cgColor
    leftBorder.frame = CGRect(x: 0, y: self.frame.size.height - leftWidth, width: self.frame.size.width, height: leftWidth)
    self.layer.addSublayer(leftBorder)
}

}

0
источник

Swift 4 Это нормально работает, скопировав это расширение UIView

extension UIView {

final func addBorder(edges: UIRectEdge, color: UIColor = UIColor.white, thickness: CGFloat = 1.0) -> [UIView] {

var borders = [UIView]()

func border() -> UIView {
  let border = UIView(frame: CGRect.zero)
  border.backgroundColor = color
  border.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
  return border
}

if edges.contains(.top) || edges.contains(.all) {
  let top = border()
  addSubview(top)
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:|-(0)-[top(==thickness)]",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: ["thickness": thickness],
                                   views: ["top": top]))
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:|-(0)-[top]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: nil,
                                   views: ["top": top]))
  borders.append(top)
}

if edges.contains(.left) || edges.contains(.all) {
  let left = border()
  addSubview(left)
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:|-(0)-[left(==thickness)]",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: ["thickness": thickness],
                                   views: ["left": left]))
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:|-(0)-[left]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: nil,
                                   views: ["left": left]))
  borders.append(left)
}

if edges.contains(.right) || edges.contains(.all) {
  let right = border()
  addSubview(right)
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:[right(==thickness)]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: ["thickness": thickness],
                                   views: ["right": right]))
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:|-(0)-[right]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: nil,
                                   views: ["right": right]))
  borders.append(right)
}

if edges.contains(.bottom) || edges.contains(.all) {
  let bottom = border()
  addSubview(bottom)
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:[bottom(==thickness)]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: ["thickness": thickness],
                                   views: ["bottom": bottom]))
  addConstraints(
    NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:|-(0)-[bottom]-(0)-|",
                                   options: [],
                                   metrics: nil,
                                   views: ["bottom": bottom]))
  borders.append(bottom)
}
  return borders
 }
}

В вашем ViewController вы можете использовать его:

_ = view.addBorder(edges: .bottom, color: UIColor.lightGray, thickness: 0.3)

Вы можете изменить ".bottom" вверху, слева или справа или массив "[.bottom,.top]", который подходит для вашей работы.

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Свифт 5.1. Используйте с двумя расширениями метод return CALayer, чтобы использовать его для обновления фреймов.

enum Border: Int {
    case top = 0
    case bottom
    case right
    case left
}

extension UIView {
    func addBorder(for side: Border, withColor color: UIColor, borderWidth: CGFloat) -> CALayer {
       let borderLayer = CALayer()
       borderLayer.backgroundColor = color.cgColor

       let xOrigin: CGFloat = (side == .right ? frame.width - borderWidth : 0)
       let yOrigin: CGFloat = (side == .bottom ? frame.height - borderWidth : 0)

       let width: CGFloat = (side == .right || side == .left) ? borderWidth : frame.width
       let height: CGFloat = (side == .top || side == .bottom) ? borderWidth : frame.height

       borderLayer.frame = CGRect(x: xOrigin, y: yOrigin, width: width, height: height)
       layer.addSublayer(borderLayer)
       return borderLayer
    }
}

extension CALayer {
    func updateBorderLayer(for side: Border, withViewFrame viewFrame: CGRect) {
        let xOrigin: CGFloat = (side == .right ? viewFrame.width - frame.width : 0)
        let yOrigin: CGFloat = (side == .bottom ? viewFrame.height - frame.height : 0)

        let width: CGFloat = (side == .right || side == .left) ? frame.width : viewFrame.width
        let height: CGFloat = (side == .top || side == .bottom) ? frame.height : viewFrame.height

        frame = CGRect(x: xOrigin, y: yOrigin, width: width, height: height)
    }
}
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